Legal system originating in Europe whose most prevalent characteristic is that its core rules are codified right into a referable system which serves as the first source of regulation. Even if that is so, civil regulation was generally the authorized system in place before the rise of socialist law, and a few Japanese European nations reverted to the pre-Socialist civil law following the autumn of socialism, while others continued utilizing their socialist legal programs.
But where legal humanists and Enlightenment students on the continent seemed to shared civil legislation tradition as well as national laws and customized, English jurists of this period took great satisfaction in the uniqueness of English legal customs and institutions.
Roman legislation strongly influenced the legislation of contracts and torts ; canon legislation achieved supremacy in the discipline of marriage; and mixtures of Germanic, feudal, and Roman traditions developed in matters of property and succession, or inheritance The conceptual formulations in which the norms and rules of the regulation have been expressed, in addition to the procedural forms in which justice was administered, have been additionally strongly Roman.
Civil regulation was also adopted within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by countries previously possessing distinctive legal traditions, reminiscent of Russia and Japan, that sought to reform their authorized programs so as to acquire financial and political power akin to that of Western European nation-states.
Eventually, the works of civilian glossators and commentators led to the event of a typical body of legislation and writing about law, a standard authorized language, and a typical method of teaching and scholarship, all termed the jus commune, or legislation widespread to Europe, which consolidated canon legislation and Roman regulation, and to some extent, feudal law.