It turns out that the stages of investigation to uncover criminal problems cannot be done in one fell swoop. There are a series of related activities so that a problem of law violations can be acted upon.
The investigation will begin if there are symptoms, reports, and investigator orders for a criminal act. If one of these 3 does not occur then the investigator will not move.
Why don’t investigators move because autonomous action is not allowed in Indonesian law. So that the authorities need to have an alibi to enforce the law.
When there are signs of a violation of the law, for example, and there is a report, an investigation is something that needs to be done. So this can be in the form of a mitigation or resolution of the problem.
When these conditions have been met, law enforcement actions can begin to be attempted. Of course, repressive action is the last option if forced to try by law enforcement.
So a suspect in a criminal act still has the opportunity to be declared innocent. This position makes law enforcement unable to carry out repressive actions as a solution to the early stages of investigation.
So mediation was tried against the suspect whether he was cooperative or not with law enforcement authorities. If it turns out that the person concerned is resisting or trying to escape, of course, coercion must be attempted.
Regardless of how the systematic investigation works, we will briefly explain. So that later you can master legal concepts and not feel awkward when dealing with them.
Stages of Systematic Investigation Sourced from the Criminal Procedure Code
There is a comparison between investigation, so you really have to be careful in identifying both. Here we will explain about the stages of carrying out an investigation of a criminal act.
As was briefly mentioned at the beginning of the review, this action will only take place if there are symptoms, reports and orders. So without the presence of one of these 3 matters the investigation process will not work.
After that, the next stage of the investigation, the investigator will receive facts from the investigator and may look for bonus facts if possible. After the facts linked to the report have been collected, it will be reconsidered later.
Whether in fact the problem is included in a violation of the law or not, so it needs to be taken into action. If in fact the report does not violate the law until the process ends here.
When in fact there are symptoms of law violations to the stage in which the investigation will be continued by the authorities. After that, from the facts collected, we will find out who will be responsible.
This is the goal of having a systematic process in the investigation of a criminal matter. So this is preparation for prosecution for violations of the law that were attempted by the party concerned.
It doesn’t end there, this process will continue to strengthen and clarify the problem. So it’s still quite a long time until the conclusion that an offender can be charged with a criminal sentence.
This was tried so that later the person responsible would actually be the perpetrator of the crime. So innocent civil society will be free from threats and the possibility of error in determining the course of action.
Because the investigation process complies with the law, of course it must prioritize the principle of innocence. So all people are presumed innocent until the facts have established their involvement in criminal acts.
Stages of Establishing a Suspect
Determining a person accused of a criminal act should not be arbitrary without the presence of facts and key witnesses. So this investigation will continue until it is proven solidly that the suspect is a defendant.
Under the law of investigation, the process of the stages of investigation refers to extracting bonus data to find witnesses and facts so that the problem can be solved completely. Data collection can come from institutions, bodies, places, especially close communities.
So when there are authorities trying to extract data from a problem, it is hoped that civil society will also be cooperative. This will be very useful for uncovering the truth in a problem.
When the research phase has entered the collection of this data, many things can be intertwined. It is possible to find alibis that lighten or incriminate the suspect in a problem.
Authorized officers must move swiftly because this process must have a time limit according to law. So later the suspect will not be detained for very long because he is waiting for the investigation to end.
After all the evidence is strong enough to uncover the truth, the investigators will make a report. The report of course contains whether the suspect is the ability of the accused or not.
If in fact all the facts are based on the fact that the suspect did not participate until he could be released. When it turns out that the facts actually strengthen the formation of a violation of the law, then the problem will go up to the court of law. This is a series of processes that the environment reveals a truth. So the stages of investigation are indeed quite complicated, time-consuming, and laborious until the conclusion is that the truth is revealed.